Medellín, Colombia has an area of 382 km² (237 square miles). It has 16 districts, 5 corregimientos townships, and 271 Neighborhood. The metropolitan area of Medellín lies within the Aburrá valley at an elevation of 1,500 meters (4921 feet) and is bisected by the Medellín River, which flows northward.
North of the valley are the towns of Bello, Copacabana, Girardota and Barbosa. To the south of the valley lie Itagüí, Envigado, Sabaneta, La Estrella and Caldas.
Medellin features a tropical monsoon climate, albeit a noticeably cooler version of this climate. Because Medellín is located at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) above sea level, its climate is not as hot as other cities located at the same latitude near the equator. Because of its altitude above sea level and privileged location in the Andes Range, Medellín’s weather at times is more characteristic of a Humid subtropical climate than that of a Tropical climate. The city’s average annual temperature is 22 °C (72 °F), and because of its proximity to the equator, its temperature is constant year round, with minimal temperature variations. Temperatures range from 15 °C (52 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F). Because of the pleasant springlike climate all year, Medellín is known as ‘La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera’ or ‘City of the Eternal Spring’. However, as the city is located in a valley and many of its districts are on slopes, temperatures can be slightly cooler on the surrounding mountains.